I do feel that it is not a perfect way to look at all examples, but there are many examples in which his views are valid.
Ethical Egoism August 26, Ethical egoism is the moral doctrine that everyone ought to act to promote his or her own interests exclusively.
In contrast to psychological egoismethical egoism makes a claim about how people should behave rather than how they actually behave. For example, Rand contends that it would be absurd to claim that a husband who spends a fortune to cure his wife of an illness does so entirely on her behalf.
The kinds of deeds we perform for our friends and loved ones are not to be done for everyone, however. The problem with their view is that morality concerns all individuals, and the general welfare of others, even if it is not the exclusive focus of morality, is an indispensable component of any comprehensive ethical theory.
Altruism is considered the only alternative view to ethical egoism, and once it is dismissed, ethical egoism is endorsed. This analysis is insufficient because it omits discussion and refutation of a variety of other ethical theories. Establishing that extreme altruism is an undesirable ethical theory does not provide a sufficient basis for endorsing ethical egoism over all other alternatives.
These problems might be resolvable with further argumentation, but unfortunately, they are not the only difficulties with ethical egoism. Another is that an ethical egoist would not want ethical egoism to be universalized.
Another clear problem is that ethical egoism offers no means of resolving conflicts of interest. In such a circumstance, it would be impossible for both to pursue their own interests simultaneously, but how does one decide whose interests take priority?
Ethical egoism does not provide an answer. A final and perhaps decisive objection to ethical egoism comes from James Rachels.
He equates ethical egoism with racism in terms of its conceptual construction. Hence, Rachels concludes that ethical egoism is an arbitrary doctrine and that others should be given the same moral consideration as ourselves because their merits and desires are comparable to our own.
Overall, ethical egoism is a widely-rejected ethical theory with few contemporary advocates. Developing ethical egoism into a coherent, functional ethical theory would require massive revision to the original principle. Penguin Putnam, McGraw-Hill,ETHICS- chapter 6- Egoism, self- interest, and altruism study guide by madison_prewett includes 29 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more.
Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. concerned with the analysis of particular moral issues in private and public life.
ethical egoism. morality involves the pursuit of rational self interest. utilitarianism. promoting overall happiness, minimizing pain among beings.
deontology. Psychological egoism refers to the notion that human conducts are always done out of self interest, as apposed to ethical egoism, which means that the morality of an action is dependent on the self interest of a person performing that very act.
Ethical environmental action, then, is the one that produces the greatest good and does the least harm for all who are affected—government, corporations, the community, and the environment.
The Egoistic Approach One variation of the utilitarian approach is known as ethical egoism, or the ethics of self- .
However, the logical extrapolation is philosophically difficult (and, hence, intriguing) because ethical egoism is the theory that the promotion of one’s own self-interest is in accordance with morality whereas rights incorporate boundaries to behavior that reason or experience has shown to be contrary to the pursuit of self-interest.
Ethical egoism is the moral doctrine that everyone ought to act to promote his or her own interests exclusively. In contrast to psychological egoism, ethical egoism makes a claim about how people should behave rather than how they actually behave.
Perhaps the most notable advocates of ethical egoism were Ayn Rand and Max Stirner, each of whom argued (although in slightly different ways) that pursuit .